EGION PAPALOAPAN.

This región is localizated in oaxaca´s state, mexico. This region is knowed like san juan bautista tuxtepec. Is the municipal headboard to have population of 94 209 habitants in the city and 114 555 habitants in its council.the river is an important heritage of this region; it border to the north with Veracruz to a distance of 156 km at the harbor, to 208 km of Oaxaca’s capital and approximately 500 km of mexico city.

It own big number of agricultal activity,livestock farming, industrial and commercial essential.

Location

Latitude 18°04’52’’

Longitude 96°07’07’’0

Altitude 20 msnm

Surface 933.90 km2

Creation’s date march 15th, 1825

Gentilicio tuxtepecano(a)

History

The name of the tuxtepec proced of the nahuatl Tochtepec, that mean “cerro del coenejo” because is formed by the voices Tochtli”conejo”, Teptl”cerro”. After the conquest of mexico was adapted the term in spanish with the form Tustepeque, with the time will come to be Tuxtepec.

Later the name of the council was add San Juan Bautista in the honor of the biblic saint.

Orography

It own an orography little mountainous because is situated coastal plain in the Gulf of mexico.

Wildlife and flora

There are species like comoálamo,roble, Encino,tabachin, hormiguillo,caoba y pastizal, this is the flora; in the wildlife survive,tlacuaches, coatis,jabalíes, venados, conejo, etc.

Weather

It own temperature around of 35°C in the summer and 21°C in the cold season (fall and winter) with average of 25.4°C.

Hidrography

The council owns a big number of hidrics resources, because is one of the most importante basin of the country, that is the Papalopan´s river and the other nutritious like Toronto river, National Village river,Santo Domingo rive, it own an numerous springs and ojos de agua all come of the Sierra Madre del Sur and Sierra de Juárez.

Livestock farming

The livestock is other of the activities important of the council,situated behind of the trade the industrial and agriculture because of big numerous of grass to pasture and livestock breed.

Culture and tradition

On june 24 is celebrate in many places of the basin the day of the San Juan Bautista because is associated with the water. The cathedral of the this saint is considerate emblematic of the jarocha culture since the XIX century, for this reason realize competition about sones and huapangos, cabalgatas,carreras de caballos, corridas de toros, ferias con juegos mecanicos y serenatas. The maximum fair is “La Expo Feria Tuxtepecana” is annual on May.

Gastronomy

The gastronomy is related with agricultural production. The typical food fall in a big measurement in the yucca, platano, maiz , mojarra, etc, other characteristic dishes like tamales de yuca,tamal de platano, tortillas raspadas, el caldo paisano, mojarras fritas con pico de gallo, mole oaxaqueño, platanos hervidos, las picadas, empanadas, el famoso caldo macho, Mogo-mogo or Machuco and the tlayudas oaxaqueñas; there are dessert like, dulce de mamey, de platano,guayaba, nanches curtidos, toritos de cacahuates y guanabana and do not forget “el caldo de piedra” in San Felipe Ucsila.

Regional dancing

Flor de piña is a modern regional dance dedicated at the tourism for part of the Tuxtepec’s region , since its creation in 1959 is a characteristic dancing with indigenous indumentary and meztiso choreography which have the maximum annual representation in the parties of Lunes del Cerro or Guelaguetza, this is one of the favorite dancig of the audience as much national as international. The representation of the woman´s happiness for the good harvest of the pineapple is the principal topic of Flor de Piña dancing.

Bibliography

Wikipedia.com

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