La Sierra Sur of Oaxaca has 139 council towns but it has only four important council towns, they are Putla, Sola de Vega, Miahutlàn and Yautepec, the population in that region is about 297 782. It is bordering at north with “la planicie costera del golfo”, at the east with the “Chiapas’s border” at the west with “la depresiòn Itsmica” and at south with “la planicie costera de Tehuantepec” this region covers 5 816.08 km2 topographically. More than 20% of the surface is over 1 000m of latitude just over 50% of the region corresponds with tall and short mountains the weather is a little semi-hot sub-wet and mild the temperatures are about 16.2ºC at 27.5ºC in raining times it changes constantly from 551.0 to 1951.4 millimeters the most raining months are from June to September. Flora and fauna there are pines, oyamel, encino, aile, lower mount and pasture the fauna is  formed by mapache, rabbit, squirrel, duck, coyote, tlacuahce, quail, pigeon, and armadillo, this region has the upper vegetation forest and jungle climate.   



Government form

Structural Organization

District council


Secretary’s office

 Community representative

 Treasurer’s office

 Pantheons Councilor

 Markets Councilor

 Healthy Councilor

 Public purse Councilor

About culture there are “zapotecos” and “chatinos” they are strongly married into the same culture. The typical clothes from Chatinos men are with blanket pans until knee and they are tied around waist with wide sashes, the t-shirts are of blanket too or cotton in different colors, they use huaraches” pie de gallo” and palm hat, or wool black hats the women wear with long cotton skirts and blouse adorned with thread embroidered around the neck and sleeves, the zapotecos men wear the same clothe tan the other chatinos men except the wool hats and the huaraches, the huaraches of them are made completely of leather and the women wear a blouse embroidered with  bright colors of thread in the sleeves and also in the neck  the skirt is made of cotton some garments such as “rebozo”    

Still are used of a generalized way wear in the head or in the holydays the attire is completed with a red ribbon

Traje típico zapoteco                    Traje típico Chatino


 Typical food

The typical food around the region in holydays are black and red mole, egg stock, tamales de mole, zapoteco pig, tortillas and tlayudas of blue and white corn, marquesote bread and pinole, the typical drinks for holydays are “tejate”(It’s a cold drink prepared with mamey toasted pit, bound corn cacao and one flower called “florecita de cacao”), water of  fruits, tepache, aguardiente, mezcal tobala, pulque, coffee and the traditional oaxaqueño chocolate with  water or milk, most of them are Catholics for that reason they celebrate their public holyday in honor of their town’s patron, each celebration is divided by councils, the most important councils are, Sola de Vega, Putla Miahutlàn and Yautepec 

 Mole Stock of eggs  

Tamales tortillas Tlayudas Tortillas Negritas      Tlayudas Negritas       Tejate  Marquesote Bread                             water of fruits             aguardiente 

      Mezcal Tobala


        Pulque                       Café  Chocolate      

                            Chocolate with milk 



Zapoteco pig


Sola de Vega

Patronal Feast

Sola de Vega celebrates his Patronal party on august 10th; they do a great calenda previous days, around the town. 


It means “donde abundan los codornices” it is makes up by zollin-codorniz and        

Tla-abundancia. Santa Maria in honor to Christ’s mother.

Illustrious figures

Don José María de la Vega
In 1782 he was in charged of San Miguel Sola parish church, who was worried to put in the highest at soltecos culture, for that reason he found a school. In it he taught elementary school and cathechism, he was worried about well being of his community. 

Isidoro Cruz, Víctor Reyes y Mateo Lino Luis
on Nobember 25th of 1812 himself joins in the Insurgente army, with José María Morelos y Pavón. 




Its original name is Puctitlán, which means “donde nay mucho humo” consists of

poctli-humo and tla-suffix denoting abundance. The second name, Guerrero was revived in honor of the insurgent hero Don Vicente Guerrero of Independence, also neblina- poch-smoke and tlan-place. 

Patronal Feast
The carnival, celebrated with dancing to the old, the dance of the copal, the dance of masks, the timetable of September 8th or Nativity of Mary, the Expo-Putla each year in December.
Illustrious figures
 Eugenio Brigido, Marcelino Teodoro Rosales and Sanchez.
Took up arms against the colonial government and in defense of independence. General Don Porfirio Díaz Mori in 1866 Putla defended against the French intervention in which he was severely wounded in Ixcapa and was in Putla tlaxiaco until the doctor came in he would send Benito Juárez, being treated by Antonia Tello Fernández, wife Don Andrés Fernández founder of the Putla.
Andrés Fernández was founder of the Putla.
Andres Fernandez
Tlaxiaco Originally founded in its current location Putla no exact date because this process took place gradually (1813-1862).
Arturo Valverde
General. In 1910 he fought in the Mexican Revolution with the North Army, commanded by Gen. Francisco Villa.
Román Gatica Escobar

He fought in the Mexican Revolution with the Southern army, commanded by General Emiliano Zapata.
Fermin Gatica Escobar

He fought in the Mexican Revolution with the Constitutionalist army, led by Venustiano Carranza

Wualdo Figueroa
Command the armed uprising in Putla, back to Francis I. Madero.
Pastor Gonzalez and Alejandro Simancas Hesychios, Leonardo Bracho and José Payan.
In 1911 he joined the revolutionary movement with arms in their hands.
Gregorio Alvarez
Putla first mayor in 1914 began the defense of the lands of the Ejido San Pablo and failure Putla year 1926, two years after his death, which occurred on 14 May 1924.
Jose Mota Sanchez
As mayor, built the primary school building “Benito Juárez”.
Francisco Alvarez Tello
In 1952 when he was mayor encouraged the arts, creating an orchestra of music.
Miahuatlán Nahuatl term that encompasses: “Miahuatlán” is the Aztec name of the ear of corn and “tlan” place, site, field: therefore, the word Miahuatlán means “Campos de espigas de maìz” or ” Lugar de espigas”.

Patronal Feast
 Festivals the most important festivals annually in Miahuatlán are:
from 1 to 5 May, the expo fair culture, cuisine, craft, and service.

Illustrious figures

Porfirio Diaz

Jose de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori [1]-Oaxaca de Juarez, Oaxaca, September 15, 1830 † Paris, France, July 2, 1915 – was a Mexican soldier and politician who served as President of Mexico, twice, the first of May 5, 1877 December 1, 1880, was succeeded by his pal Manuel Gonzalez. He assumed office for the second time the December 1, 1884 to 25 May 1911, date signed his resignation.
Basilio José Rojas Bustamante
Noted educator and benefactor of Miahuatlán fundamental founding schools throughout the District received the title of Meritorious Miahuatlán and protector of the Blessed Virgen Parish Church.
Jose Maria Garcia
Miahuatlán native insurgent soldier who joined with other forces miahuatecos Morelos being the sole survivor who returned to his natal town.

Francisco Sierra (Tio Chico)
Ombudsman of the Republic, fought with General Antonio de Leon in the war against the United States in 1847.
Nicolas Maria Rojas Bustamante
Deputy constituent of 1857, only miahuateco whose name is on the grounds of City Hall.
 Susana Ortega
Sor, religious. Died in the city of Puebla with a reputation for holiness by his heroic virtues, the cause of beatification is in Rome.
Mejia Guillermo Valle
Rev. Solo altruistic founder of various social works for the state including the credit union.
Basilio Rojas Mijangos
Noted writer and literary author of the book “A people of Mexico.”
Roberto Ruiz
Master. World-renowned miniaturist who has held high the name of the state and Miahuatlán.
Elena Ruiz Aquino
Maestra. Distinguished painter. Author of several works of recognized reputation statewide and nationally.
Maria Teresa Lopez
First Centeotl goddess in the festival of Guelaguetza in Oaxaca City in 1935.
Domingo Garcia Martinez
Fray. Religious and priest of the Franciscan order, embodied by the Saint Paul the Sixth, a graduate in theology and ancient languages. He has been rector at Franciscan University.
Enrique Aquino
World-famous Olympic Champion.
Barriga Raul Armenta
Very good painter plastic art propagator in Oaxaca city.
Oswaldo Cruz Lopez
Featured musician and composer, author of the song from the region Miahuatlán Mixtepec.
Alberto Aragon
Master and national chess champion.

San Carlos Yautepec
Yautepec means Yautle “Maìz negrito” Tepec: “cerro” by the union of this word is “cerro del maíz negrito”.

Illustrious figures

 General Gonzalez Ortega
Within the national policy in the year 1861 was declared the founding of the District of Yautepec.
Patronal Feast
Folk Festivals
San Carlos Barros Honorary patron of the town and the festival is celebrated on November 4.
On November 4 the celebration starts with happy mañanitas after the celebration of holyday is the procession with San Carlos picture through the principal streets of the town and ends the walk back to the parish church. Later, the people attending the festivities go to greet the image of the Santo patron we can say that with this way would you spend your day. But the feast does not end there since the November 9 comes a cheerful floral calenda where the community girls participate in and school children carrying baskets of flowers with bright colors and some of them wearing the costume of the place the distance along the churchyard to the main streets of the town culminating in the municipal court to dance the traditional “jarabe Carleño” and another tradition is “la carrera de cintas”, when you can see in the streets  riders; inviting band bridesmaids attend to the place where the event takes place. The curious and significant the rider who manages to get a ring as a reward received a band that is delivered by the bridesmaid. This action is that the rider gets down of his horse and with respect to kneel to the godmother hanging on his neck which had been won. But also received applauses from the audience and the sing called “diana” from the philharmonic band. Since the completion of the races moved to the central park where riders danced “jarabe Carleño” with their bridesmaids and the most interesting is that the riders had to buy a present to thank the sponsor that would have given the band. Another tradition is the rodeo that is so lively with the presence of friends of the peoples who are in this place to remember their dances when the male carries the hat, when the ball took it off and hung in the arm as respect for this dance.

In the Sierra Sur the most famous music is “La chilena”


Oficinas del Inegi Oaxaca

Biodiversidad de Oaxaca edición a cargo de Oswaldo Barrera